Please credit the artist, original publication if applicable, and the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database. Polygonum erectum L. Erect Knotweed. Since the 1930s, archaeologists have been accumulating data on the lost crops of eastern North America. Proudly powered by WeeblyWeebly Polygonum erectum (erect knotweed). Homonyms Polygonum erectum L. Polygonum erectum Vell. This study uses morphometrics and digital image analysis to document domestication syndrome in an annual seed crop, Polygonum erectum L. (erect knotweed), which was cultivated by Native Americans for c. 2,500 years in eastern North America.This plant is one of several seed crops referred to as the Eastern Agricultural Complex, a pre-maize agricultural system that supported … The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. > This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Polygonum (family Polygonaceae).. Polygonum erectum is the only species that produces a majority of plump, smooth morphs, although a small minority of smooth P. aviculare subsp. This plant is one of several seed crops referred to as the Eastern Agricultural Complex, a If not for the wooly, boulder-sized beasts that once roamed North America in vast herds, ancient people might have looked past the little barley that grew under those thundering hooves. buxiforme and a very common one for P. erectum (see Table 3). Lesser Red-knotgrass - Polygonum arenarium. Polygonum erectum and P. aviculare subsp. It was formerly confused with P. achoreum (T. R. Mertens and P. H. Raven 1965). 1783; Polygonum heterophyllum Lindman 1912; Polygonum monspeliense Thiébaud in Persoon 1805; Polygonum rectum (Chrtek) Scholz 1959; International Common Names erectum (L.) Roth ex Meisn. Polygonum basiramium. Abstract This study uses morphometrics and digital image analysis to document domestication syndrome in an annual seed crop, Polygonum erectum L. (erect knotweed), which was cultivated by Native Americans for c. 2,500 years in eastern North America. Hordeum pusillum (little barley) to left, Phalaris caroliniana (maygrass) to the right 8. It is an annual species that is native to Europe that has established itself throughout most of the United States and Canada. Archaeobotanical remains from big Loose Creek. Polygonum is a genus of about 130 species of flowering plant in the buckwheat and knotweed family Polygonaceae.Common names include knotweed and knotgrass (though the common names may refer more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae).In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400–1425), it was known as ars-smerte. It is a photoautotroph. monspeliense (Thiéb.) No synonyms exist for this species. All Rights Reserved. The Missouri Archaeologist, 76, 88–115. may (spring), jun-aug (summer), sep-oct (fall). 718-782: 757: 757: Polygonum aviculare Polygonum erectum is an annual plant species with upright or ascending stems. Fragment of plant, B2. Erect knotweed (Polygonum erectum) New research from Washington University in St. Louis helps flesh out the origin story for the so-called “lost crops.” These plants may have fed as many Indigenous people as maize, but until the 1930s had been lost to history. Narrowleaf knotweed - Polygonum bellardii. Other early-emerging, annual Polygonum species include Pennsylvania smartweed (Polygonum pensylvanicum L.) (Asch and Asch, 1978, 1985; Fritz, 1986, 1993; Mueller, 2017c; Simon and Parker, 2006). Common names include knotweed, knotgrass, bistort, tearthumb, mile-a-minute, smartweed and several others. Hybrid between giant and Japanese knotweed and shares characters of both parent species. Pages in category "Flora of Canada" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 268 total. Flowers closed; perianth 2.8–3.8(–4.2) mm; tube 20–37% of perianth length; tepals overlapping, green with yellowish, rarely whitish green, margins, sepaloid, not keeled, oblong to obovate, cucullate; midveins branched, moderately to heavily thickened; stamens 7–8. FAQ | Several species can be eaten cooked, for example during famines. Linnaean Plant Types and their Types, London: Linnaean Society of London in association with the Natural History Museum, pp. Often confused with Japanese knotweed. For example, Buckwheat has sometimes been included in the genus. Polygonum erectum was cultivated in the midwest by Native Americans for its starchy seeds (C. M. Scarry 1993). C. Ulloa et al. No published written or oral histories attest to the methods used in their … Polygonum erectum Jarvis, Charlie, 2007, Chapter 7: Linnaean Plant Names and their Types (part P), Order out of Chaos. Polygonum aviculare or common knotgrass is a plant related to buckwheat and dock.It is also called prostrate knotweed, birdweed, pigweed and lowgrass.It is an annual found in fields and wasteland, with white flowers from June to October. It has a self-supporting growth form. If not for the wooly, boulder-sized beasts that once roamed North America in vast herds, ancient people might have looked past the little barley that grew under those thundering hooves. It is very similar to prostrate knotweed, except it grows in a more upright fashion and has more of an oval-shaped leaf. buxiforme achenes pictured here have convex faces, which gives them a plump appearance. Since the 1930s, archaeologists have been accumulating data on the lost crops of eastern North America. Achenes enclosed in perianth, brown to tan, ovate, 3-gonous, 2.3–3.5 mm, faces subequal, ± concave, apex not beaked, edges concave, dull, striate-tubercled; late-season achenes uncommon, 4–5 mm. Polygonum baicalense. “Carbonization, Differential Preservation, and Sampling Biases in Domestication Studies: An Erect Knotweed (Polygonum erectum L.) Case Study. Chrtek 1956; Polygonum erectum Roth. Japanese knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum) The most ornamental of the knotweeds and shorter than Bohemian or giant. achoreum (Blake) A. Linnaean Plant Types and their Types, London: Linnaean Society of London in association with the Natural History Museum, pp. buxiforme achenes was also relatively convex. It flowers and fruits throughout the summer and into the fall until a killing frost. ☉ In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400-1425), it was known as ars-smerte. HERBARIUM This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number 1802129. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. (previous 200) () This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License, https://sernecportal.org/portal/collections/individual/index.php?occid=11299740. aviculare . Polygonum aviculare L. var. An illustrated guide to the flowering plants of the middle Atlantic and New England states (excepting the grasses and sedges) the descriptive text written in familiar language (1910) (14782884275).jpg 1,468 … Polygonum floribus octandris trigynis axillaribus, foliis ovalibus, caule erecto herbaceo. > Polygonum erectum was cultivated in the midwest by Native Americans for its starchy seeds (C. M. Scarry 1993). Blame it on the bison. But the […] Erect knotweed (Polygonum erectum L.) is another Polygonum species that is found in Illinois. Bistorta bistortoides, is a perennial herb in the genus Polygonum. Polygonum erectum Edit, spec. > Founded in 1864 by Daniel Cady Eaton from his personal library and plant collection, the Yale Herbarium is an internationally recognized repository with holdings of approximately 350,000 specimens from throughout the world. The genus was formerly included in the genus Polygonum. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Aluka®, and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Habitat in Philadelphia, enata ex seminibus D. Kalmii. Mueller, N.G. Synonyms. First, most New England species make two kinds of fruits in a growing season. erectum (L.) Roth ex Meisn. Inflorescences axillary; cymes in axils of most leaves and toward tips of stems and branchs, 1–5-flowered. nov.. 16. Latest News. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Please help us meet this … Common knotweed, Polygonum arenastrum, is also known as wiregrass, wireweed, matweed or doorweed. Leaves are smooth, broadly obvate, rather obtuse- 1 to 2 inches long - and about half as broad - either sessile or petiolate. The lost crops of eastern North America have small seeds with thick, indigestible fruit or seed coats in their wild forms. Polygonum erectum was cultivated in the midwest by Native Americans for its starchy seeds (C. M. Scarry 1993). 718-782: 757: 757 In Chinese medicine, a Polygonum extract called Rèlínqīng Kēlì (热林清颗粒) … Pedicels mostly exserted from ocreae, 3–7 mm. It is one of the four small starchy seeds of the pre-maize quartet, which also includes chenopod, maygrass, and little barley. Polygonum aviculare subsp. It is native to Canada and the contiguous United States. 1614-1617 [as Polygonum erectum L.] Data retrieved on: 19 September 2019 The record derives from Tropicos (data supplied on 2012-04-18) which reports it as an accepted name (record 26000074) with original publication details: Sp. Polygonum aviculare subsp. Herb latin name: Hypericum erectum Family: Hypericaceae (St. John's Wort Family) Medicinal use of Hypericum erectum: The leaves and flowering tops are galactogogue. [family POLYGONACEAE], Filed as Polygonum sp. “Evolutionary Bet-Hedgers Under Cultivation: Investigating the Domestication of Erect Knotweed (Polygonum erectum L.) using Growth Experiments.” Human Ecology 45(2):189-203. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number 1802129. 5, renouée dressée, Flora of North America Vol. This study uses morphometrics and digital image analysis to document domestication syndrome in an annual seed crop, Polygonum erectum L. (erect knotweed), which was cultivated by Native Americans for c. 2,500 years in eastern North America. Polygonum species Polygonum erectum Name Synonyms Polygonum aviculare var. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. [family POLYGONACEAE], Filed as Polygonum erectum [family POLYGONACEAE], Blake’s knotweed, Flora of North America Vol. The R.M. Common Name Index A MODERN HERBAL Home Page your own Pins on Pinterest There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. Leaves: ocrea 7–12 mm, proximal part cylindric, distal part usually persistent, with strong veins, margins entire or lacerate, silvery, later disintegrating into ± persistent brown fibers; petiole 1–5 mm; blade light green or yellowish, elliptic to obovate, 30–60(–80) × (8–)10–25 mm, margins flat, apex obtuse; stem leaves 1.5–3.5(–4) times longer than branch leaves; distal leaves overtopping flowers in distal part of inflorescence. 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