Hold outs and hurdles The smell at Salton Sea comes from the fish die-offs. Such agreements, along with their implementation, can take significant amounts of time, and can be quite contentious, often requiring the federal government (ie, the QSA) and/or the court system’s intervention. The Salton Sea, California’s largest lake, is in decline, mainly due to ever decreasing water flows. The Lost River: Mexicans fight for mighty waterway taken by the US. Under the direction of Governor Gavin Newsom, California state agencies are advancing projects at the Salton Sea to improve air quality and provide critical environmental habitat for birds along the Pacific flyway. 2. But California independent voters are starting to receive a lot more attention these days and much of that is due to the California Independent Voter Project (CAIVP). Another source of the aroma at Salton Sea is the hydrogen sulfide gas that brews in the mud at the bottom of the lake. USGS (2018). While cases of urban, agricultural, and environmental uses vying for scarce water resources can be found worldwide, the Salton Sea region in California is a poignant example. A smaller Salton Sea likely means more dust, dangerous pollutants. This will sustain natural habitats, further reduce salinity levels, and reduce the draw demand on the Colorado River. One way under consideration consists of importing ocean water from the Sea of Cortés via transnational conveyance. The deepest point of th… The Salton Sea’s problems are symptomatic of problems across the Colorado River basin. The Salton Sea, California’s largest lake, is in decline, mainly due to ever decreasing water flows. Without this funding, Imperial Irrigation District refused to sign on to the Drought Contingency Plan. Located at the tail end of the Colorado River (Figure 1), the Salton Sea is one of the largest lakes in the United States – by far the largest in California. Estimates of the cost of these damages are $US11 to $US70 billion over the next 30 years10. With a PhD and Master’s degree in Environmental Sciences from University of California, Riverside and a Bachelor’s degree in Human Biology from Stanford University, she incorporates natural resource, ecological, and environmental economics into interdisciplinary research projects. Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr.’s Salton Sea Task Force, created in May 2015, has directed agencies to develop a comprehensive management plan for the Sea that will: The Financial Feasibility Action Plan serves as the foundation for the State’s comprehensive Salton Sea Management Program. The challenges of water governance in the 21st century, Lucia Levers, University of Minnesota, US. An alternative option is to pay growers to allow more Colorado River water to flow to the Sea: growers would be paid for unused water by fallowing fields, by using more efficient irrigation methods, or by using less water in whatever way they deemed best (fallowing, irrigation improvements, deficit irrigation or a combination of the three). (760) 399-5955. Sinclair. The Salton Sea Authority is a Joint Powers Authority (JPA) empowered to revitalize the Salton Sea in consultation and cooperation with state and federal governments. First up is the badly delayed Salton Sea Management Plan. September 4th, 2020. The Technology. Chief among these are importing water from the Sea of Cortés and transferring agricultural water to the Salton Sea. Over the last century, while California and northern México lost 90 percent of their wetlands, the Salton Sea endured, courtesy of agricultural drainage water, and became critical habitat for millions of migratory birds, and year-round habitat for endangered and sensitive species, including the desert pupfish, Yuma clapper rail, and burrowing owl6,7. While only importing water from the Sea of Cortés is transnational, both would require a formal agreement. To achieve roughly the long-term historic average of Salton Sea inflows (1.3 million acre-feet), importing water from México would run between $US6.7 to $US13.3 billion initially plus $US12 to $US42 million per year; for transferring water from agricultural uses, the cost would be approximately $62 million annually. For less water, but still a substantial amount and closer to recent flows (1 million acre-feet), importing water from México would cost between $US3.3 and $US6.7 billion initially plus $US6 to $US21 million per year. Main image: A heron in flight above foraging gulls on the Salton Sea. Again, between $US28 and $US62 million are the comparative costs for transferring agricultural water to the Salton Sea. The second part of the report analyzes the economic gains derived from project investments that create a more robust recreational element as part of a revitalized Salton Sea, read more here. And in February the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation said it would … The views expressed in this article belong to the individual authors and do not represent the views of the Global Water Forum, the UNESCO Chair in Water Economics and Transboundary Water Governance, UNESCO, the Australian National University, or any of the institutions to which the authors are associated. The main source of this water is the Imperial Valley of California, an agricultural powerhouse with the greatest stake of Colorado River water rights – more than the total entitlements of Arizona, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, and New Mexico – which it uses to nourish half a million acres of crops. What the response by the power players would be to either importing water from México or transferring agricultural water to the Sea is not certain. Population growth, drought, and climate change have led to increasing tension among agricultural, municipal, and environmental users of water in many regions. Schwabe KA, Albiac J, Connor J, Hassan R, Meza-Gonzalez L (2013). WESTMORLAND — The California Salton Sea Management Program began construction this week on a nearly 4,000-acre project to restore bird and fish habitat and improve conditions for local communities near the southern tip of the Salton Sea. If the Salton Sea is to be rehabilitated, it will require a concerted effort by all interested parties. Its intent, in the words of then executive director, Tom Kirk, was to “direct and coordinate actions related to improvement of water quality, stabilization of water … The FFAP is a living document providing a blueprint to create a smaller but sustainable sea in a manner that is realistic, feasible, affordable, and achievable. The Salton Sea, California's largest lake, will die unless the state throws a staggering amount of resources at it in the next decade or so. letting the sea die will cause significant harm to both public health and wildlife in Southern California and beyond. Welcome to the official website of the Salton Sea Authority. Controlled Thermal Resources (CTR) and technology partner Lilac Solutions (Lilac), have joined forces to extract lithium from one of the world’s largest known geothermal resources at the Salton Sea in Imperial Valley, California, according to a release by the companies today.. Lucia Levers runs the numbers and discovers considerable differences between the options. 19STCP01376. The GWF is an online resource publishing concise, open-access articles from leading researchers on water governance, policy, and science. However, they were not expecting California’s largest urban water user, Los Angeles’s Metropolitan Water District, to bypass the Imperial Irrigation District’s objection by agreeing to provide the Imperial Irrigation District’s share of water if needed. Set a medium-term plan to construct 18,000 acres to 25,000 acres of habitat and dust suppression projects. Worldwide, irrigated agriculture accounts for two-thirds of freshwater withdrawals. The FFAP is a living document providing a blueprint to create a smaller but sustainable sea in a manner that is realistic, feasible, affordable, and achievable. The levels of the main reservoirs on the Colorado have been dropping—and getting closer to triggering impressive water delivery cuts via agreements made during a time with less demand and more supply. Imperial Irrigation District v. The Metropolitan Water District of Southern California. Searching for a ‘fix’  The one hold out of this plan? Arnold Schwarzenegger signed a bill meant to accelerate the distribution of money for Salton Sea restoration. While the Salton Sea may be a well known example (at least in North America) of ecosystem decline, there are surely hundreds of other such sites across the world where ecosystem nightmares have resulted from humankind’s rush to develop short-term solutions … Without an expensive reshaping, or even with, a central and controversial issue is from where the water is going to come from to maintain the Sea. This number tops 80% is some arid systems, including the state of California, and the Colorado River2,3. At the beginning of last year (2019), the Imperial Irrigation District wanted to force the federal government to take some responsibility for the looming Salton Sea disaster and provide funding ($US200 million) for the Sea12. Estimates of water use and trends in the Colorado River Basin, Southwestern United States, 1985–2010. Improving Conditions at California’s Salton Sea. Over time, urban centers eyeing the Imperial Irrigation District (IID)’s water for their growing populations led to out-of-region transfer agreements, the most notable of which is the 2003 Quantification Settlement Agreement (QSA), a federal-state-local agreement that allowed the transfer of a large amount of irrigation water from IID to urban users in Southern California8. Under the authority of the state legislature (AB 71), and in cooperation with the California Natural Resources Agency, the Salton Sea Authority has produced a Financial Feasibility Action Plan. Flooding may not be the most serious problem at Salton Sea, but it is among the most immediate. Yet, reallocating water is no small feat, thanks to both perceived and actual benefits of various types of water uses, as well as frequently complicated systems of water rights4. The Salton Sea is a shallow, saline, endorheic rift lake on the San Andreas Fault at the southern end of the U.S. state of California. Agriculture Economics Environment. But renewed attacks over the water transfer, and its effects on the Salton Sea, helped sink Kuhn’s bid for a fifth term in 2020.  California’s Salton Sea is a fertile oasis in the hostile desert of southeastern California, adopted by millions of birds migrating along the Pacific Flyway. The first part of the report captures the avoided costs and damages potentially achieved if the basic air quality and habitat mitigations are accomplished by the SSMP 10-Year Plan. However, as shown, little action has been taken. Salton Sea Solutions In the tug-of-war of partisan politics, sometimes the independent voter can feel a bit neglected and left out of the political game. Our more recent work1 compares the costs of these two importation schemes: importing water from the Sea of Cortés and transferring agricultural water to the Salton Sea. The Species Conservation Habitat Project (SCH) is designed to reduce wind-borne dust on each side of the … Of the wetlands that existed in California 150 years ago, less than 10 percent remain today. United States Bureau of Reclamation (2019). Wilson J (2019). Solutions for the Salton Sea. These values include no land costs. After 15 years of delays and broken promises, California is far behind on plans for heading off a costly environmental disaster. It is important to emphasize that we did not estimate the transaction costs associated with either option. There is no shortage of ideas about how to fix the Salton Sea. The mighty Colorado has continued to sustain agriculture, providing irrigation for over 5 million acres annually in the US5, while allowing only a fraction of its flow to reach its historical destination—the Sea of Cortés (Gulf of California). (Image by Barbara Barry, 2006). As a terminal lake, a permanent solution will require more than just importing additional water. Provide a healthy environment for residents around the Sea; Work toward a Salton Sea and bordering habitat that sustains enough aquatic life to provide habitat for wildlife on the Pacific flyway; Help revitalize the economy around the Salton Sea and in Imperial and Riverside Counties; Read the Salton Sea Funding and Feasibility Action Plan. U.S. Burgeoning cities express ever more interest in shifting water away from agriculture and towards urban uses. Imperial Irrigation District wants $200M for Salton Sea in exchange for Colorado River drought plan OK. Petitioner Imperial Irrigation District’s Opening Brief in Support of Petition for Writ of Mandate (2020). Yet, this habitat is sustained by drainage water, which brings with it salts, fertilizers, and pesticides. Case No. This paper has examined SB 277 the Salton Sea Restoration Act, which was intended to provide sustainable solutions to the many challenges. In the context of shrinking wetland habitats, the Salton Sea has become a critical habitat for migratory birds to stop and rest during their annual journeys. This action will help protect critical care for patients. The GWF also provides open access resources, courses, and tools to help to understand water challenges. The principle is to construct a series of cascading pools along the southern edge. Boons or boondoggles Endangered and Threatened Species. At the same time, endangered environmental and ecological resources represent a third sector, non-market, but not non-valuable. Lucia Levers, University of Minnesota, US. It is shrinking and becoming more saline with significant impacts on the region’s health, wealth and environment. By clicking “Accept”, you agree to the storing of cookies on your device to enhance site navigation, analyze site usage, and assist in our marketing efforts. Responding to growing public pressure to restore the Salton Sea, a multiagency government committee was created in 1993 known as the Salton Sea Authority to initiate, aid, and oversee restoration efforts. Managers and stakeholders are seeking solutions to the decline of the Sea and have turned to the scientific community for answers. As California’s largest lake, it stretches across almost 35 miles in a remote, below sea-level valley in the southeastern corner of the state. Construct water treatment plants powered by existing "Renewable Energy" sources (Geothermal, Solar & Wind) to provide both clean sea water as well as desalinated water to the Salton Sea. This fact has been highlighted in recent developments due to ongoing drought and climate change in the region. [cited 2020 Jul 10]. This plan would take years to become viable, even if implemented today. Here she describes how she and colleagues assessed the Salton Sea water importation options and what’s at stake. Please see the Global Water Forum terms and conditions here. Progress made by the program will be overseen by the State Water Resources Control Board and California Air Resources Board. The Salton Sea Community Outreach, Education & Engagement Program (COEE) has been created to help children, students, school personnel, parents, local leaders and community-at-large learn about the Salton Sea, be aware of its current situation, understand the impacts it has on their health, be more participative in the decision making process and be aware of the short-term … A valuable report on the economic potential of the Salton Sea focuses on the $6 Billion annual tourism economy in Coachella Valley. The costs for a similar quantity of water if purchased from agricultural users would be around $US28 million per year. Advertisement. Levers LR, Story SD & Schwabe KA (2020). Agricultural water transfers, on the other hand, do have a history in the region, as well as the benefit of requiring no new infrastructure—physically, it would be a simple as letting the water flow. The Imperial Irrigation District. The main cause for optimism is a 10-year, $380 million plan by California to address the Salton Sea crisis. Available from: Lakhan N (2019). Brine shrimp will instead thrive for a time, but eventually the salinity will reach levels too high even for them9. The Salton Sea is home to more than 400 species of resident and migrating birds, including several endangered species, and is an important stop on the Pacific flyway, the north-south path for migrating birds in North America. Copyright 2017 © The Salton Sea Authority, Restoring Sea Access via North Shore Beach and Yacht Club, SB 272 Section 6270.5 Enterprise System Catalog, Meet a short-term goal of 9,000 acres to 12,000 acres of habitat and dust suppression projects, and. July 12, 2003. Present Significant Problems. Colorado River Basin Drought Contingency Plans. The Salton Sea is Highly Saline, Gradually Shrinking. Even México agreed to potential reductions in deliveries, provided the DCP was adopted. In 2018, the then Assistant Secretary for Salton Sea Policy, Bruce Wilcox, spoke of importing Sea of Cortés water, saying15: “We don’t want to delay building habitat and air quality that’s needed at the Salton Sea to spend two years evaluating something that may work but also may not.”. Now, with no more mitigation water, the decline has hastened. TRC is a global construction and engineering consulting firm that provides technology-enabled solutions to the power, oil & gas, environmental and infrastructure markets. Flows into the Salton Sea have declined in recent years, and the result is a shrinking, increasingly saline lake. Dr Lucia Levers is an environmental scientist and economist at the Water Resources Center at the University of Minnesota. Property values and recreation are decreasing. Solutions? Buying water for the environment: A hydro-economic analysis of Salton Sea inflows. Why buying water from farmers to save rivers makes sense (and why we’re NOT doing it in the Basin), https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/sir20185049, http://www.ppic.org/content/pubs/report/R_211EHR.pdf, http://ca.audubon.org/conservation/conservation/important-bird-areas/salton-sea?page=1, https://www.fws.gov/saltonsea/endangered species.html, https://www.sdcwa.org/sites/default/files/files/QSA_final.pdf, https://www.desertsun.com/story/news/2019/01/31/california-imperial-irrigation-district-200-million-dollar-salton-sea-colorado-river-drought-plan/2733780002/, https://www.iid.com/home/showdocument?id=18610, https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/oct/21/the-lost-river-mexicans-fight-for-mighty-waterway-taken-by-the-us, https://www.desertsun.com/story/news/politics/2018/04/16/ten-questions-eleven-proposals-save-salton-sea/516602002/. The lake occupies the lowest elevations of the trough, known as the Salton Sink, where the lake surface is 236.0 ft (71.9 m) below sea levelas of January 2018. Information on the SSMP can be found at this link: The Salton Sea Management Program, Salton Sea Management Program – Phase I: 10-Year Plan. These goals will be implemented through the Salton Sea Management Program, which is committed to a transparent process with clearly defined goals and measurable objectives aligned with available fiscal and hydrological resources. Read more about the 10-year Phase I Plan here. A Sea in trouble The 10-year Phase I Plan will guide early investments at the Salton Sea to protect public health and ecosystem wealth as the Sea recedes and meet goals set forth by the Governor’s Salton Sea Task Force and the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) executed on August 31, 2016, and amended on January 18, 2017 by the Department of Interior (DOI) and the California Natural Resource Agency (CNRA). But ultimately the $8.9-billion plan failed, too. Grander schemes include a $9 billion restoration project the state proposed in 2007, as well as a perennial pitch to pump water from the Pacific Ocean or the Sea of Cortez, which would also cost billions. The most expensive and comprehensive of these suggested re-engineering the shape and size of the Sea, allowing it to be sustained with lower flows. Proposed Solutions. 3 - Expand and Prosper Millions of fish die and wash up onto the shore and rot – and rotting fish stink. Salton Sea Area From Business: Shop your local Walmart for a wide selection of items in electronics, home furniture & appliances, toys, clothing, baby gear, video games, and more - helping you… 14. But are such proposals projects of value or fool’s errands? Damages are not limited to habitat. Its latest incarnation began at the turn of the 20th century, when the second lowest point in the United States was flooded by Colorado River water being brought into California for irrigation. Several proposals to ‘fix’ the sea are being considered. The Salton Sea is one of few wetland habitats remaining in California. We estimate the annualized costs for importing water from the México to range from $US223 to $US908 million, with a few assumptions regarding interest rates and pipeline longevity. 65959 Harrison St. … Add 110°F temperatures and 90% humidity and you have the perfect recipe for stink-soup. The state of California has generated several, as of yet unfunded, proposals to fix the Sea. Under the authority of the state legislature (AB 71), and in cooperation with the California Natural Resources Agency, the Salton Sea Authority has produced a Financial Feasibility Action Plan. 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