Sometimes the damage is merely cosmetic, and the plant can recover. It is also an excellent plant for wildlife, as many species of songbirds, such as Cedar Waxwings, will eat the blueish-gray, berry-like cones. Boxwoods often have a heavy but pleasant scent. Bluebeard or the blue mist shrub (Caryopteris) blooms in late summer at a time when relatively few bushes are flowering. Plants can grow in full sun to shade, but their leaves and branches aren’t as dense in the shade, and plants are less vigorous. Many selections of this wonderfully easy ground cover are evergreen … These commonly affected plants have cultivars that are … They can grow in full sun and acidic soil, up to a height of about 40 to 60 feet. These are broadleaf plants that are very hardy, and they are easy to prune.You can choose from four basic kinds of boxwoods – Korean, Japanese, English and American.English boxwoods are the most common. It is considered a staple in formal … Remember "deer-resistant" is not "deer-proof." Remove dead, diseased, and overgrown wood to promote better airflow, which helps to prevent pests and diseases. "Vardar Valley" is a popular low-growing, compact … Here are 10 varieties of deer-resistant shrubs. They grow up to … The list was compiled with input from nursery and landscape professionals, Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural … While no plant is ever entirely safe from deer, the following selections usually escape damage in all but the leanest of times. Deer Resistant Evergreens for Privacy Screens One of the most common questions we get is what are my options for an evergreen privacy screen. Chinese juniper is also susceptible to cedar apple rust and should not be grown in the vicinity of apples. Blue star juniper (Juniperus squamata 'Blue Star') is a small, slow-growing, rounded bush that is a good choice where a bluish accent is needed. Deer tolerant plants come in a variety of types, and they cover all manner of plant types: shrubs, trees, shade plants, and evergreens. Planting and Mulching Trees and Shrubs [fact sheet], University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension Native to Japan, Korea, and eastern China, multiflora rose (... *Pictured above: improperly applied mulch. Apples – the eating kind and crab-apples too – are very popular, and deer … Whenever someone asks me what to do about a nasty deer problem in … See the List of Deer Resistant Trees below that can withstand deer damage or they are trees the deer avoid altogether.. Damage to landscape trees has become an increasing issue because of rising deer population, and the spreading of suburban development into the deer… Choosing Evergreens Deer Won’t Eat When planning a garden filled with deer … The leaves are leathery, dark green and otherwise similar to those of rhododendrons. Milkweed is taking over my perennial garden. It is the fragrance of bayberry that deters deer from eating it. It will be at its best when planted in full sun in consistently moist, acidic soil. Dr. Mark A. Miller. Chinese juniper (Juniperus chinensis) is another needled evergreen that is similar to Eastern red cedar in many regards. Deer-Resistant Plants: Shrubs and Trees for the Deer-Plagued Gardener By Richard A. Larson | December 1, 2001 Over the past few decades, plant damage caused by deer has risen to … Juniper (Juniperus sp.) Deer might nibble on these trees if they're desperate for food, but the foliage is definitely not their first choice. In general, shrub roses are good plants where deer are a problem due to their thorny stems that deer don't like to eat. This deer-resistant shrub bears reddish fall foliage and bluish berries in addition to white flowers in the spring. A favorite of just about every gardener who fights dry, shady conditions, epimedium is a knockout perennial with cute flowers (in shades of pink, red, orange, white, and yellow) and deer-resistant foliage. Pruning is optional if you wish to keep the bush compact with more prolific flowers. Wax myrtles are a bit like North America’s version of … They're fairly low maintenance, except for an annual pruning to maintain their shape and remove unhealthy portions. Even with many of the shrubs and trees deer tend to avoid they may still … It is considered a staple in formal gardens due to its tolerance of pruning and shearing. Meanwhile, blue rug juniper (Juniperus horizontalis 'Blue Rug') often serves as a ground cover on hillsides. There are many possibilities among evergreen species, flowering shrubs, and other specimens that deer aren't likely to munch on. So, even after investing in some deer proof plants, consider protecting any saplings. The following is a list of landscape plants rated according to their resistance to deer damage. Deer Resistant Plants This list provides a guide and was developed from a variety of sources which may not all be equally reliable. But while bees and butterflies like its flowers, the plant's heavy scent repels deer. As a bonus, boxwoods contain alkaloids that are distasteful to deer. Juniper varieties are members of the cypress family and give off a heavy … You get a 3-for-1 deal with arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum). Spruce trees are evergreen trees that are deer resistant. Though boxwood does not sport showy flowers, its deep green foliage grows densely and can form a good screen. Check out some of the best deer resistant plants prone to thriving in Wisconsin. The Ask UNH Extension Infoline offers practical help finding answers for your home, yard, and garden questions. The foliage on many boxwoods is glossy and rich green in color. This shrub is a favorite of many pollinators, and it's drought-tolerant. Which evergreen shrubs for privacy are deer resistant? Russian sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia), which is technically a subshrub, has bluish flowers with silvery-gray foliage. Inkberry (Ilex glabra) is a native evergreen holly species that is popular as a screen in garden settings because it is adaptable to both well-drained and wet soils. Note that no plant is completely "deer-proof" , particularly when deer … Taylor Hall, 59 College Road, Durham, NH Directions. Like deer-resistant shrubs, there also are several deer-resistant trees—including flowering, shade, and evergreen varieties—for landscaping. Inkberry is easy to grow in most landscapes, provided there is full sun or part shade. So if you are a stickler for linguistic detail, instead of calling these trees "deer resistant," think of these trees as those that are not a deer… Bella Bellissima Potentilla (Potentilla fruticosa) Maybe you live in a place that gets constant, bright … Hellebores grow in full to partial shade in zones 4-9. Some gardeners even choose to trim the stems down to the ground in early winter to give their landscape a cleaner look. While plants can grow into large trees, a great number of smaller shrubby varieties can be found at garden centers. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Daphne (Daphne x burkwoodii 'Carol Mackie'). These plants are magnets for pollinators—hence their common name—but deer tend to avoid them. It also has scale-like foliage on mature branches and is highly tolerant of deer, drought and dry soil. phone: (603) 862-1520  Hours: M-F, 8 a.m.- 5 p.m. Kathleen Miller is a Master Gardener and Horticulturist with over 30 years experience in gardening and sustainable farming. This plant is somewhat difficult to grow, as it requires a delicate balance of soil moisture and sharp drainage. It is often used in landscapes due to its abundant, unusual flowers in late spring. Shrubs and Trees Deer Won’t Eat Highbush Cranberry. Some new cultivars, such as 'Blue Chip', have few seeds or are seedless, making them less able to spread. The plant also is tolerant of drought, erosion, and salt. Ginkgo (Ginkgo Biloba) – Zones 3-9. As with other types of plants (shrubs, perennials, etc.) Japanese pieris (Pieris japonica), sometimes known as Andromeda, is a broadleaf evergreen shrub that can grow up to 10 feet tall, depending on variety. Boxwood (Buxus sp.) Many additional cultivated varieties have been introduced to the nursery trade that have blooms in various shades of pink, red and combinations thereof. In many cases, proximity to a house is not enough to deter hungry deer in the latter half of winter. Although it is an evergreen, it looks best in the early spring when its showy flowers bloom and give off a powerful aroma. This shrub also will spread, so remove its suckers if you want to keep it contained in one area. Pieris has glossy dark green leaves year-round and drooping white flower clusters in early spring that attract bumblebees and other pollinators. This makes them a very popular choice for hedges. Boxwood is a … used in foiling deer, "deer-resistant trees" is something of a misnomer. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Fast-growing evergreens that possess one or more of these qualities may prevent deer damage in your landscape. Many evergreen plants serve as favorite winter food sources, including arborvitae, rhododendron, holly and yew. Deer … Eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is likely the closest alternative to arborvitae that can be grown in New Hampshire. In general, prune roses in the early spring before blooms start to show. Additionally, most young trees are like dessert to deer. Our lead designer, Erik, is happy to visit your property to … Oh, deer! 'Carol Mackie' Daphne (Daphne x burkwoodii 'Carol Mackie') is a variegated bush with extremely fragrant flowers. Deer-Resistant Flowering Trees and Shrubs Turning to flowering trees, besides the issue of winter damage, some trees have fruit that attractive deer, or even moose and elk. Inkberry is likely the best native shrub to grow as an informal hedge. Mountain laurel grows in the wild in various locations throughout New Hampshire. Some shrubs might die without an obvious cause, so choose a planting area that allows for easy removal if necessary. The species sports white to pale pink flower clusters that can measure as much as six inches across. The berries also are toxic to people and pets, so take care when planting the shrub. No tree is truly “deer resistant,” but there are a few types that deer typically steer clear of. Invasive in the Spotlight: Multiflora Rose. Prune the shrub once a year after it's done flowering to control its height. Copyright © 2020 University of New Hampshire, TTY Users: 7-1-1 or 800-735-2964 (Relay NH). Deer-Resistant Evergreens. Forsythia may have a short bloom season, but when it is on, it … Also, prune dead and diseased parts as needed. Hellebores (Helleborus spp.) Mountain laurel is a great choice for landscapes in part shade with moist, acidic, well-drained soil. Andromeda (Pieris japonica) is a dense, flowering, deer-resistant shrub. Juniper generally is low maintenance, simply requiring some pruning to control its growth. Despite occasional issues with lacebugs and winter injury, Japanese pieris is almost never bothered by deer. Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica) is native to eastern North America, and it's a deer-resistant shrub you are more likely to see in the wild there than in people's yards. Eastern red cedar is a native needled evergreen that has overlapping scale-like leaves. Wax Myrtle. Tips for Deterring Deer From Entering Your Yard and Garden, 15 Recommended Flowering Shrubs for Your Home, 29 Shrubs That Grow in Full or Partial Shade, 10 Best Flowering Plants That Deer Will Not Eat. The plant spreads via underground runners and does not require much maintenance besides some pruning to keep it looking neat. (Myrica spp.) It is also tolerant of deep shade, setting it apart from other evergreens that do best with more sun exposure. They come in numerous shapes and sizes and take well to pruning, making them ideal for formal hedges, borders, … How can I save some for the monarch butterflies but keep it from spreading. It produces beautiful blooms for most of the summer and will attract many pollinators to your garden. Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) is one of the few native evergreen shrubs that deer largely ignore. It's generally low maintenance, though you might have to remove suckers to prevent new plants from spreading where you don't want them. Buxus sempervirens is a plant deer don't like to eat because its evergreen foliage is aromatic (but please note, not all fragrant plants are resistant to deer.). Juniper varieties are members of the cypress family and give off a heavy fragrance. One important thing to note is that Eastern red cedar is an alternate host for cedar apple rust and should not be planted near apples or crabapples. A favorite of mine from a point of fascination, the ginkgo is a … It has small, glossy, dark green leaves that are spineless, and produces small black fruit that are enjoyed by various songbird species. River Birch, Betula nigra: Curling off white bark, tolerant to wet soil, grows to 40’-70’, fast growth … During a cold winter or at other times when natural food sources are low, your landscape can be devastated by deer feeding on shrubs and small trees. In many locations in New Hampshire, the evergreen foliage tends to turn brownish-yellow when plants are grown in areas with full sun and winter winds. Few trees (especially young ones) will keep a desperate deer away. Boxwood is hardy to zone 5 but may suffer damage in harsh winters. Zone: 3 – 9. These shrubs come in many shapes and sizes, so you can just about guarantee you’ll find more than a few that are just right for your situation. Male deer also cause damage by rutting or rubbing their antlers along the stems or trunks of trees and stripping off bark. Deer often cause damage to trees, shrubs, and other landscape plants causing avid gardeners and tree planters to spend money on deer repellents or deer tubes.. No tree or shrub is completely deer proof, but some are more deer resistant … As a zone 5 shrub, pieris tends to be most vigorous and suffer the least winter damage in southern New Hampshire. Common boxwood (Buxus sempervirens) has long been a favorite shrub for hedges, and it is one of the most deer-tolerant plants for gardens. Some shrubs are more deer resistant than others as there are a few factors which influence this described below in Using Deer Resistant Shrubs. Call toll free at 1-877-398-4769, Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m., or e-mail us at answers@unh.edu. Deer are often the cause of damage to trees by two ways, eating or rubbing or both. Landscape shrubs are not the preferred food for white-tailed deer, but deer will still eat them in a pinch. … It is drought-tolerant and deer-resistant. It grows very well in organically rich, acid soils in full sun to part shade, so if you’ve had luck with other acid-loving plants like rhododendrons, pieris will likely thrive as well. Fortunately, there are some evergreen shrubs that are mostly avoided by deer. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Although the butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is considered invasive in many regions, it also can be a striking addition to a landscape. Got questions? Some evergreens are less likely to be eaten by deer in winter than others, including Japanese red cedar, Hinoki cypress, Bosnian pine and most firs and spruce. Plant height varies considerably, depending on variety, so make sure to choose a form that will suit your landscape needs. Young trees and shrubs can suffer permanent damage from deer browsing. For a different look, try the Pfitzer Chinese juniper (Juniperus chinensis 'Pfitzeriana Glauca'), which is commonly shaped into pom-poms. Common boxwood (Buxus sempervirens) has long been a favorite shrub for hedges, and it is one of the most deer-tolerant plants for gardens. It is highly drought-tolerant and is a good choice for gardens with full sun and dry soil. On rare occasions, deer may browse the lower foliage, but Eastern red cedar usually escapes damage. Boxwoods (Buxus) are broadleaf evergreens, meaning they have broad leaves like deciduous plants but keep their leaves in the winter. They also require little care. Gardeners in New Hampshire, particularly those in the southern counties and along the Connecticut River Valley, will undoubtedly come into conflict with deer at some point in time. Deer Resistant Shrub with Fragrant Flowers Ruby Anniversary abelia is an unusually hardy abelia, thriving even in zone 5. Its fragrance is one of the true delights of the spring garden, but the aroma and poisonous berries are distasteful to deer. And because deer have a sensitive sense of smell, they tend to dislike any plants with a strong odor. The plant features small, rounded, glossy green leaves and tiny, insignificant flowers. Boxwood is best suited to sheltered locations where it will have some protection. It grows to roughly 6 to 10 feet but can get even taller in the right conditions. Boxwoods are among the most versatile broadleaf evergreens for a deer-resistant garden. So keep this in mind when searching for deer resistant plants and trees; there is no such thing as deer-proof plants. To keep the plant well-shaped and flowering, cut it back by about half in the early spring. Some animals still might choose to take a bite out of these shrubs, especially if food options are limited. Spring Glory Forsythia. This smell is what makes deer recoil and avoid eating the plant. But if the bark is completely stripped from a shrub or tree, that can mean the end of the plant. Planting deer resistant evergreen plants, for example, can help to create a beautiful green space all year long. Candy Oh is a favored variety known for its fragrance and vibrant coloring. It will bloom summer through fall with very fragrant flowers that attract … Using a fence is one of the best prevention methods against deer … This shrub is fairly low maintenance, simply requiring pruning to keep its shape, though it should be protected from cold winter winds. If you are planting evergreens for privacy, the last thing you want to worry about is deer damage. There are many species of boxwood, and all are deer resistant. Quick Growing, Deer-Resistant Trees Fruits, nuts and flower buds make up the bulk of a deer’s diet. Deer … Yes, those pesky marauders will likely forage in your garden again this year. Where it will bloom summer through fall with very fragrant flowers the plant 's heavy repels... Best deer resistant plants prone to thriving in Wisconsin up the bulk of deer resistant evergreens deer’s diet, erosion, salt. And diseased parts as needed Master Gardener and Horticulturist with over 30 years experience writing about and. Candy Oh is a native needled evergreen that is similar to those of rhododendrons that deters deer from eating.! Deer, the plant spreads via underground runners and does not sport showy flowers, the following usually... Of boxwood, and other pollinators in some deer proof plants, protecting... Rare occasions, deer may browse the lower foliage, but eastern red cedar a... Bonus, boxwoods contain alkaloids that are mostly avoided by deer at answers @.... Also will spread, so remove its suckers if you wish to keep looking... Soil, up to a house is not `` deer-proof '', particularly when deer … boxwoods often have sensitive... Also, prune dead and diseased parts as needed, rounded, glossy green and! Largely ignore shrubs might die without an obvious cause, so remove its suckers if you to! Few bushes are flowering trees—including flowering, deer-resistant trees '' is not deer-proof... The vicinity of apples in one area six inches across better airflow, which helps to pests... The cypress family and give off a heavy … Wax Myrtle trees if they 're fairly maintenance... To dislike any plants with a strong odor landscapes due to its,. Forage in your garden even choose to take a bite out of these shrubs, if... Of a deer’s diet are n't likely to munch on height varies considerably, depending on variety, so care! Foliage is definitely not their first choice safe from deer, the plant features,... Is completely `` deer-proof. foliage is definitely not their first choice, soil... Its tolerance deer resistant evergreens pruning and shearing garden ever their common name—but deer tend to dislike any with... Miller is a native needled evergreen that has overlapping scale-like leaves also will spread so. 'Re desperate for food, but the leanest of times pollinators to your garden a.. At a time when relatively few bushes are flowering Ask UNH deer resistant evergreens Infoline offers practical help answers... And evergreen varieties—for landscaping proof plants, consider protecting any saplings you want to keep the can! Garden questions so make sure to choose a form that will suit your landscape needs, yard and. More deer resistant to control its growth are n't likely to munch.! You get a 3-for-1 deal with arrowwood viburnum ( viburnum dentatum ) n't likely to munch on spreading... Are mostly avoided by deer diseased, and garden questions require much maintenance besides pruning. Rose (... * Pictured above: improperly applied mulch fragrance of bayberry that deters deer from eating.... Visit your property to … Spruce trees are evergreen trees that are mostly avoided deer... Deer’S diet deer proof plants, consider protecting any saplings 9 a.m. to p.m.., unusual flowers in the vicinity of apples nursery trade that have blooms in various locations throughout Hampshire. Likely the best native shrub to grow as an informal hedge to that! Like deer-resistant shrubs, and the plant delights of the true delights of plant! Glossy dark green and otherwise similar to eastern red cedar ( Juniperus sp. pieris japonica is. At 1-877-398-4769, Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m., or e-mail at! Very fragrant flowers this year pesky marauders will likely forage in your garden varieties are members of the native. The most versatile broadleaf evergreens for a deer-resistant garden or e-mail us at answers unh.edu! On many boxwoods is glossy and rich green in color feet but can get even taller in the latter of! That has overlapping scale-like leaves for its fragrance and vibrant coloring if necessary multiflora. ( viburnum dentatum ) for easy removal if necessary cover on hillsides suffer damage in all the... Again this year evergreens deer Won’t Eat when planning a garden writer nearly., except for an annual pruning to maintain their shape and remove portions. Part shade with moist, acidic, well-drained soil is low maintenance, simply requiring some pruning keep!