See more ideas about druze, history, lebanon. In 1983, both Maronite Christians and Druze began fighting each other … For 1,000 years, the mysterious origin of the Druze people – who live almost exclusively in the mountains of Syria, Lebanon and Israel – has captivated linguists, historians, and sociologists. Much of the tension revolves around competing political visions of Druze leaders Walid Jumblatt, who heads the Progressive Socialist Party (PSP), and Talal Arslan, who leads the Lebanese Democratic Party. Druze follow the teachings of al-Hakim bi-Amrih Alla. The Druze refer to themselves as Ahl al-Tawhīd or "Al-muwahhidūn" which means "The People of Monotheism." The Druze are among the prominent sects that make up the multi-religious fabric of Lebanon. Druze hegemony over Mount Lebanon declined in the eighteenth and disintegrated in the nineteenth century, the result of internal conflict between ascriptive kinship groups, later exploited by external rulers, who sought to introduce taxation. The movement, initiated by Hamzah Bin Ali, is built on an esoteric interpretation of Islam and Sufism. The community is known for its Druze traditions that force members marry within the community, more enforceable in the protective isolation of the mountains, are increasingly losing hold over their younger members as the community urbanizes—with numbers reaching 88 percent in Lebanon. The Druze in Galilee and on Mount Carmel have always kept in contact with the other branches of the community, especially with those of Mt. Both the AUP and LDP are pro-Damascus, friendly to Iran, and possess ever-growing ties to Hezbollah. The Lebanese Druze people are believed to constitute about 5% of the total population of Lebanon. The adherents of this faith trace their origins to the Near East. The Druze call themselves Muwahhidun (Unitarians). Few people know about the Druze, a mysterious, 1,000 year old religion in Lebanon. The Druze Religion Of Lebanon. See more ideas about druze, mount lebanon, lebanese civil war. Today, the community in Lebanon is feeling the effects of Syrian influence once again, as a newly resurgent Damascus has helped widen a fissure between Lebanese Druze, with deadly results. Security officials in Lebanon say that one person has been killed and five wounded in fighting between supporters of rival Druze politicians. Aalay, Druze, Lebanon. The Druze also inhabit neighboring Syria (in its rugged southwest mountains) and Israel (in the northern Galilee) (NUMSEGX = 2). Also called the Druse, Duruz, Duroz, and the Tawhid faith, there are about 750,000-800,000 of them today, primarily in Syria, Lebanon, and Israel. See more ideas about druze, people of the world, lebanon people. In Lebanon, most Druze have olive groves and fruit orchards. The Druze in Lebanon have mainly resided in the rural southeast of the country (REGIONAL = 1; GROUPCON = 3) in the Shuf, Al Matn, Hasbayya, and Rashayya Regions, although certain Druze live in Beirut and its surrounding suburbs in tight-knit neighborhoods. Latitude and longitude coordinates are: 33.808346, 35.597507. Regarding Lebanon, there is a dispute in the country between the supporters of the pro-Syrian President Michel Aoun and those of Druze leader Walid Jumblatt, who tries to be as independent as possible. The Druze practice a religion related to Islam and Christianity but more based on philosophy. 14 talking about this. Some 250,000 Druze, representing 5% of the Lebanese population and known as al-Mowahedoon (Unitarians), are currently spread over Mount Lebanon, the Chouf area, the Bekaa Valley and south Lebanon. In 1923 Captain Carbillet, the French, but Druze-elected, governor of Jabal ad-Durūz, They number about 300,000 in a country of around 6.1 million people and globally count about 1 million. There are more than 500,000 Druze. Their monotheistic religion incorporates many beliefs from Islam, Judaism and Christianity, and is also influenced by Greek philosophy and Hinduism. In 1009, near Cairo, Egypt, al-Hakim bi-Amrih Alla declared himself to be an earthly incarnation of God. The Druze is the religion of a small percentage of the Lebanese people. Druze are ethnically Arab and Arabic speaking. Druze groups exist mainly in Syria, Lebanon, and Israel, and their societies are generally close-knit and insular. LANGUAGE. Walid Jumblatt, head of the Progressive Socialist Party in Lebanon and perhaps the country’s most prominent Druze figure, married outside the religion. Leader of the Druze community in Lebanon, Sheikh Naim Hassan, called for the formation of a government outside the framework of traditional quotas and side settlements so … Druze are estimated at 5.2 per cent of the Lebanese population and are located mainly in the Matn, Gharb and Shuf, and smaller communities in Wadi al-Taym in southern Lebanon and in Beirut. Druze in Lebanon. 08/20/2019 Lebanon (International Christian Concern) – Escalating tensions between Lebanon’s Druze and Christians were addressed Sunday in Chartoun village, where representatives reaffirmed their commitment to reconciliation. Druze factions clash in Lebanon Druze leader Walid Jumblatt is a leading anti-Syrian politician . Lebanon and Syria are home to an estimated 90% of all Druze people in the world. In southern Syria, they are more likely to be wheat farmers. Dec 8, 2016 - Explore James Comegys's board "Druze" on Pinterest. Lebanon is suffering from a severe economic crisis. Since then the Druze have been active in the political life of Syria, Lebanon, and Israel. They are described as an esoteric ethnoreligious group who identify themselves as Muwahhideen or Unitarians. In Lebanon, Druze leader Walid Jumblatt strongly condemned the shooting, but insisted it was an isolated incident. The leader of the Druze Democratic Party in Lebanon, Talal Arslan, preferred to accuse Israel of being behind the massacre, along with the United States. The Druze are a unique people who originated in Egypt, but have since spread all over the world, with more concentrated numbers in Lebanon, Syria, Israel, and Jordan. Aug 4, 2020 - Explore History612's board "Druze", followed by 221 people on Pinterest. Although Druze do not have a unified stance on how Syrian Druze should manage the ongoing civil war, protecting this small community in the region is a top priority for all its factions. Druze officers were noticeable in the history of Syria in the 1950s and 1960s. The Druze speak Arabic, with slight distinctive differences. Walid Jumblatt and other Druze leaders took active roles during the Lebanese civil war. Mar 18, 2013 - Explore Alkan de Beaumont Chaglar's board "Druze", followed by 249 people on Pinterest. The American Druze Society estimates the number of Druze in the United States at between 15,000 and 20,000. Druze revolt, uprising of Druze tribes throughout Syria and in part of Lebanon directed against French mandatory officials who attempted to upset the traditions and the tribal hierarchy of Jabal ad-Durūz. Al-Hakim, a ruler of Egypt during the 11th century sponsored the religion which was created by Hamza bin Ali. Hermon and Lebanon. The Druze religion is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion that is practiced in the Levant by people who identify themselves as “Muwahhidun.” The global population of the Druze people ranges between 0.8 million and 1 million, with the vast majority being found in the Middle East. Most of them live in Syria and Lebanon.Some have emigrated to the United States and Canada.. Hezbollah division . April 2013 version. The Druze in Lebanon, Syria, and Israel are bound together by strong family ties and a faith that underscores the importance of solidarity. Other Druze are located just inside the Northern border of Israel, in Jordan, on the Golan Heights in Syria, in Turkey and in smaller numbers throughout North American and Europe. The source of the tension dates back to Lebanon’s civil war between the 1970s-1990s. Advertisement Lebanese Druze … Druze in Lebanon refers to adherents of the Druze faith, an ethnoreligious esoteric group originating from the Near East who self identify as unitarians (Muwahhideen).. During the British Mandate over Palestine they refrained from taking part in the Arab-Jewish conflict, and during Israel’s War of Independence (1948) became active participants on Israel’s side. In Lebanon’s Druze communities, Jumblatt and the PSP’s two main rivals are the Arab Unity Party (AUP), led by Wiam Wahhab, and the Lebanese Democratic Party (LDP), led by Talal Arslan. The Druze are a fiercely independent religious group mainly concentrated in Lebanon around the base of Mount Hermon, and in the mountains behind Beirut and Sidon. However, rough estimates place the number of Druze at 390,000 in Lebanon, 420,000 in Syria, 75,000 in Israel, 15,000 in Jordan, and about 80,000 scattered around the rest of the world, mostly in North America, Australia, and West Africa. Aalay, or Aley is a large town in the district of Druze in central Lebanon. The Druze Faith. It is situated about 14 miles south east of Beirut, right at the Mount Lebanon. The clashes were between supporters of the pro-Syrian former minister, Wiam Wahhab, and the anti-Syrian politician, Walid Jumblatt. 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