Woodland (alpine) strawberry (Fragaria vesca) and wild strawberry (Fragaria virginiana) are particularly well-suited to use as ground cover and will handle foot traffic better than the domesticated varieities. Much maligned for its characteristic of leaving a sometimes severe rash when handled with bare hands, this native plant has tremendous medicinal and nutritional value and is fully edible when cooked. What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020. There is one variety of blackberry (‘Doyle thornless blackberry’) that is reputedly able to handle our Zone 3 winters with some protection. It has long been used as a ground cover and can be heavily walked on and mown if desired. Mints are used in salads, soups, with lamb, and in vegetable dishes. Black currants (Ribes nigrum), red currants (Ribes rubrum), and white currants (a hybrid) are all very reliable producers in the Edmonton area. Annual and biennial herbs, like parsley, basil, and cilantro, are surprisingly appealing to animals, considering their strong scent. Tarragon has a strong but sweet anise like flavour that is most often used in seasoning meats. Sage is a beautiful plant whose long pale green leaves and white or purple flowers add interest to the garden. While the traditional garden vegetables and field crops can certainly find their place within an “edible landscape”, the possibilities for urbanites to produce a bounty of fruits, berries, culinary herbs, plants for tea, edible flowers, and unique perennial vegetables provide for many more exciting possibilities. The dried roots have long been roasted and used as a coffee substitute. The fruit starts off as green, slowly turns yellow/orange and then gets streaks of red until late into the year, the entire fruit becomes completely red. Field guides are probably the most commonly used method of learning to identify and use wild edible and medicinal plants. Fresh leaves are used in salads and dried leaves can be used to season chicken, fish and vegetables. The peppery aroma of summer sage makes it very popular in the seasoning of beans, chicken, fish and in soups and sauces. Dill grows up to 4 feet tall or more and is best used at the rear of the garden bed. Leaves are generally used in soups, salads, and with beans, rice, fish and poultry. Whether red, yellow, orange or purple, they are all sure to please and they really don’t require much care to thrive (although the deep purple are by far, my choice). Sea Buckthorn is a very hardy, drought tolerant plant that also “fixes” its own nitrogen in the soil through a complex interaction between its roots soil micro-organisms. When those … Fresh or dried lavender flowers can be added to baked goods and jellies. Most mints establish quickly and tend to spread rapidly. A familiar favorite, there are many varieties of basil offering a wide pallet of colours and flavour. Maybe it's their … Edible plants in Alberta 2:11 This story was originally published on June 27. 5:36. will tolerate partial shade. This plant is often mistaken for Phlox. The young cucumber-flavoured leaves of borage make a nice addition to salads. Nanking Cherry (Prunus tomentosa), and Mongolian Cherry are also very good producers. The honey-sweet lemon fragrance of this plant makes it a favourite for teas. Pin Cherry (Prunus pensylvanica), and Choke Cherry (Prunus virginiana) are sweet cherries that are native to Alberta and very hardy. As a ground cover, it is exemplary, in that it takes heavy traffic well and it survives both drought and extreme cold. Sea Buckthorn can be aggressive. These antioxidant rich berries resemble blueberries in colour and size, and do extremely well as either jam or in a pie. Yarrows have long been used in teas for their many medicinal effects however some herbalists now recommend limiting their internal use. Most thymes, including Thymus pulegioides are low growing and make resiliant and very fragrant ground covers. ‘Norland’, ‘Westland’, or ‘Sunnybrook’), one mid-season producer (i.e. Fennel grows to 5 feet tall and has yellow flower umbels similar to dill. Native to Alberta, they take readily to a variety of soil conditions and are very attractive to insects. Native to to the prairies, Beebalm is renown for attracting bees and other beneficial insects to the garden. Nov. 21, 2020. They are often grown as ornamental trees due to their showy spring flowers and their colourful fruit that stays on the tree throughout the winter. They are frequently used in lotions for cleansing and beautifying the skin. Key selections include: Valentine, Crimson Passion, Juliette, Romeo, and Cupid. They can be eaten fresh, pickled or stored for winter use. Fresh leaves can be used in salads and dried leaves make a delightful tea. Rhubarb is a prolific producer in our climate with up to 3-4 harvest each year off the same plant. Its most common uses are in poultry, stuffing, with eggs and as a flavouring for oils. Phlox has five petals, Dame’s Rocket has just four. Most mints are knocked back every few years by colder winter temperatures. species of Canada, each with a beautiful colour photo and/or artist's drawing. The berries are said to have a sweetness to them with an herblike aftertaste and can be incorporated into your diet via smoothies, trail mixes, added to salads, or just eaten raw. Angelica has a mild licorice flavour and is often used in candies and deserts because of its natural sweetness. There are two species that produce somewhat edible fruit: Canadian Buffaloberry (Sheperdia Canadensis) and Silver Buffaloberry (Sheperdia argentia). Burdock (Arctium lappa) This plant is easy to spot if you look for the annoying burrs. Hyssops are said to provide some of the best nectar for honey. The tree is hardy to zone 3, grows to 20 feet in height producing apricot sized fruits that taste. Very productive and spreading plant. In fact, most Canadians don’t even know about these delicious and hardy berries, as they are not widely available in many provinces east of us. Possibilities include strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, huckleberries, saskatoons, thimbleberries, and cloudberries … Both are hardy, drought resistant and very attractive in the urban landscape. This member of the Honeysuckle genus, also called “Honeyberry”, or "Haskap" bears large purple, tart berries that are good for fresh eating or for use in juices, jams and syrups and for fresh eating. Shrub-like in growth habit, Sea Buckthorn will require at least 3 square meters for its mature size. The wide variety of mints available offer numerous flavours and uses. Buzz Edibles is a leading supplier of cannabis edibles in Alberta. Edible Flowers of the Prairies - Tasty florals, tips on petal selection and recipes. At least one male plant is required for every six female plants. Lemon balm dries easily for winter use. Gratitude in the workplace: How gratitude can improve your well-being and relationships It has drooping purple flowers that last for several months. ‘Dolgo’, ‘Columbia’, and ‘Artic Red’ are three popular edible varieties. I can’t wait. The slender stems and small leaves of this plant give it a very attractive presence in the yard. Summer-bearing varieties bear fruit on second-year canes called “floricanes”. Silver foliage is also very attractive. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. Great for using fresh in vegetable dishes, soups, stews and stir fries. Saskatoons are finally gaining the recognition they deserve. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. The following list provides a good start for those interested in having a variety of edibles growing in their own yards, communities or public spaces. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants … For many people, the phrase “edible plants” conjures up neat rows of carrots, peas and corn. We are lucky, and you will likely agree once you browse through the few samples that I am about to explain. Confining them, to a pot dug into the ground may be a useful strategy. Raspberries seem to grow everywhere and anywhere, and Alberta is no exception. Confining them, to a pot dug into the ground may be a useful strategy. rosemary and mint), which come from the green leafy parts of plants, and spices (e.g. Both shoots and leaves are very strong in Iron. Young leaves are the nicest. Also called “walking onion”, This mild-flavoured, perennial onion develops bulbs at the top of its slender leaves, and not at the base like most onions. Crabapples are the more wild relatives of the domesticated apples. In smaller spaces, apples trees can also be trained along a wall or a fence-line in an “espalier” for a beautiful and productive effect. Sage does not always survive our winters and needs some additional protection from the cold. Hyssops have a unique somewhat minty fragrance that stands out in the garden. In order to avoid the dandelion spreading, mow before flowers go to seed. seeds can be winnowed, roasted and ground into a flour. Sandra also discusses poisonous plants… Morels. The greens are highly nutritional and best harvested for salads when young. For herbs in Alberta, check out Inspired Market Gardens. Although I do not have direct experience with these bushes, I have purchased a number of them this year for my yard, with high expectations of success. edible and medicinal plant species, link to the Plants for a Future database. Similar to oregano but with a more subtle flavour, marjoram is generally used to season meats, cheese, and vegetables. All of the plants listed below are suitable for the Canadian prairies (horticultural Zone 3). Some varieties are reportedly hardy to zone 3 but even those may need protection in our climate. Native to the prairies, anise hyssop is a strikingly beautiful tall plant with spikes of purple flowers. I am also told that deer do not seem to like them, so you are more likely to be able to keep what grows. They … Buffalo Berry is native to the prairie and Aspen parkland of Alberta. the variety in Alberta is Redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus). The Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society hiking guide takes a food columnist out to enjoy a beautiful day in nature. Fresh or dried leaves make a refreshing tea, reminiscent of Earl Grey. This spinach-like plant has deep red veins and is very striking in the garden. With a similar taste to angelica, the seeds of anise in particular are often used in cookies, cakes, and breads. Successive plantings should be undertaken to ensure a longer lasting supply of dill. Also thought to have numerous medicinal properties. Edible & Medicinal Plants of the Rockies ... 5.0 out of 5 stars Awesome book with a lot of information relevant to Alberta… Before you go and waste any money on less … Raspberries can work very well in the urban landscape as a hedge or screen with select varieties reaching over 2 meters in height. If the plant you are looking for isn’t on the list, or you have questions or concerns about exposure or eating these plants, please call PADIS (Poison and Drug Information Service) at 1-800-332-1414 (Alberta) Non-toxic plants … They are frost tolerant and prefer sun or part shade. young leaves are edible raw. One thing is true of all the varieties of blueberries, and that is the fact that they love acidic soil. The plants grow to around 5 feet in height and width in our climate. As George Carlin always liked to remind us “blueberries, blue on the bush, purple in the pie”. Raspberries generally require little care for the amount of fruit they produce, though the fruit bearing canes need to be removed either in later fall or early spring each year. Edible products could translate into $2.7 billion worth of sales in the next year, according to Deloitte's June report on the country's cannabis industry. orientalis) is a type of Russian Olive that bears abundant date-like fruits that are sweet and good fro fresh eating or drying. Not only is Betony an attractive addition to the garden with its purple flower spikes, it also has a flavour very similar to black tea without the caffeine. Sweetberry Honeysuckle (Lonicera caerula edulis). Vines ; Everything from flowers to grapes to the incredible hardy, vigorous and every so tasty hardy kiwis! A very popular, high-yielding domesticated variety is ‘Pixwell’. Male and female plants are required for fruit production. Evans Cherry (Prunus cerasus ‘Evans’) is a very popular, larger sour cherry. Leaves can also be added to salads, sauces, and stuffing. One plant is sufficient for most yards. This is not the best option. Plants are shrub-like growing to 3-4 feet in height and spread. This variety of chamomile, also known as Roman chamomile, is much less invasive than the German chamomiles. It's the time of year when many Calgarians go to war with the weeds popping up in otherwise pristine lawns. Basil prefers a hot and sunny location in a lighter, sandy soil. Originating from Uzbekistan, it is very tough and cold hardy to zone 3. Rosemary is a relatively slow growing herb and is therefore often grown in pots and brought indoors for the winter in colder climates. An easy to grow, long living perennial that adds an interesting “spiky” texture to the garden and a splash of purple colour when in bloom. Mature plants will reach over 3 meters while a compact cultivar (Viburnum trilobum compactum) stays closer to 1 meter in height. Each entry has a nice photo (some have multiple photos), as well as information on the medicinal use and edible (or inedible) parts of the plant… Once the bane of the urban homeowner’s existence, the nutritional and medicinal benefits of the lowly dandelion are making a comeback. For an excellent detailed overview of these and many other (over 7000!) Readily self-seeds. Chicory is a short-lived perennial. Works well as a hedge plant and will tolerate … It is a vining plant that will need support. Chicory is a short-lived perennial. Oregano has more recently been shown to have very strong antiseptic properties. Dec 6, 2015 - Explore Amy Thorn Porchamour's board "Medicinal and edible weeds in Alberta" on Pinterest. Catnip is strongly attractive edible plants in alberta insects a relatively slow growing herb and is best used at the rear the! Native raspberry that makes an excellent spinach substitute and can be achieved one... 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